What is PRP Therapy?
Platelets are the regenerative power house cells contained in our blood, that stimulate wound healing and tissue regeneration. Blood is made up of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma. When platelets are activated in the body they release healing proteins called growth factors.
Growth factors create an accumulative result, which assists the body to repair itself by regenerating new tissue, improving blood supply and wound healing, all of which are important factors in regenerative therapies.
Important growth factors:
- Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) – promotes blood vessel growth, cell replication, skin formation;
- Transforming growth-factor-beta (TGF-b) – promotes growth of matrix between cells, bone metabolism;
- Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) – promotes blood vessel formation;
- Epidermal growth factor (EGF) – promotes cell growth and differentiation, blood vessel formation, collagen formation;
- Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) – promotes growth of specialised cells and blood vessel formation; and,
- Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) – a regulator of normal physiology in nearly every type of cell in the body